Nov 17, 2019  
2019-2020 Catalog 
  
2019-2020 Catalog

Course Listings


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    ART 371 - Sculpture and Furniture


    ART 142  or consent of instructor. (3).

    Explorations of the materials of metal, wood and glass in a sculptural direction. Broadening of both technical and material usage in the creation of three-dimensional art. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 372 - Sculpture: Alternative Methods and Materials


    ART 142  (MCC) or consent of instructor. (3).

    Intermediate course exploring use of alternative materials and processes in a sculptural direction, broadening technical and material usage in the creation of three-dimensional art. Exploration of radical methods of conceiving and creating sculptural objects, including conceptual decisions made by artists when selecting materials. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 373 - Sculpture: Public Art


    ART 142  (MCC) or consent of instructor. (3).

    Intermediate course exploring design and execution of large-scale sculpture for public art installations, broadening conceptual and technical abilities in the creation of three-dimensional art.  Multi-media approach including investigation, proposal, planning and creation phases. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 374 - Sculpture: Jewelry


    ART 142 . (3).

    Studio course exploring the broad variety of ceramic and sculpture media as they relate to design and production of jewelry.  Emphasis on creative style and design and excellence in execution, planning and craftsmanship. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 376 - Design IV: Interaction Design


    ART 252 , ART 321 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Investigation of design principles and their application to increasingly complex problems. Emphasis on user experience through rigorous objective and experimental research methods for interaction-based design across multiple platforms. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 377 - Interaction Design in Mobile and Micro-Computing


    ART 346 . (3).

    Creation of projects and physical spaces through mobile and micro-computing systems in interaction design. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 378 - Kiln Operation and Glaze Formulation


    ART 281 , ART 382 , ART 383 , ART 384 . (3).

    Introduction to the chemistry of glaze formulation, for experimentation and testing for various firing ranges, color, and texture possibilities.  Survey of ceramic kilns, including historical and contemporary designs and materials; loading, maintenance and repair; exploration of firing techniques and effects that can be achieved using specific kilns. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 379 - Design Studio for the Community


    Consent of instructor. (3).

    Participation in a working design studio offering design services for UM-Flint and the region. Practical experience working with non-profit organizations and/or on self-initiated community projects, gaining firsthand knowledge of the impact of graphic design on the community. Selection of projects and clients determined in collaboration with University Outreach to maximize a civic engagement experience.  May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 380 - Scene Design for the Theatre


    THE 271  or consent of instructor. (3).

    Three dimensional design for the stage. Design and execution of three dimensional scale models, scenic renderings appropriate to the play. Use of various media. Lecture and laboratory. Also listed as THE 380 .Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 381 - Ceramics: Survey of Materials and Processes


    Sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3).

    Design and creation of artwork that investigates a variety of ceramic techniques. Execution of ceramic projects that are both functional and sculptural. Includes development of slips and glazes for classroom use. Emphasis on individual development in aesthetic response and technique. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 382 - Techniques of Slipcasting and Mold Making


    ART 142 , at least sophomore standing; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Design and creation of artwork that investigates the techniques of slip casting and mold making. Execution of ceramic projects that are both functional and sculptural. Includes the development of slips and glazes for classroom use. Emphasis on individual development in aesthetic response and technique.  Graded ABCDE. Offered Infrequently.
  
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    ART 383 - Hand-Building in Ceramics


    Sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3).

    Design and creation of ceramic artwork that investigates the techniques of handbuilding, including creation of plaster press molds. Execution of ceramic projects that are both functional and sculptural. Includes the development of slips and glazes for classroom use.  Emphasis on individual development in aesthetic response and technique. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 384 - Introduction to the Wheel and Throwing in Ceramics


    Sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3).

    Design and creation of ceramic artwork that investigates techniques of working on potter’s wheel. Execution of ceramic projects that are both functional and sculptural. Includes the development of slips and glazes for classroom use.  Emphasis on individual development in aesthetic response and technique. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 385 - Realism in Drawing or Painting


    ART 130 , ART 263 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Explorations of the historical and contemporary techniques of working in a realistic mode. Focus on either painting or drawing; may be reelected once in the alternate medium. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 386 - Abstraction in Painting or Drawing


    ART 130 , ART 263 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Introduction to non-representational work in various painting or drawing media. Focus on either painting or drawing. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 387 - Art of the Fiber and Textile


    At least sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3).

    Introduction to the medium of fiber in a variety of forms, such as weaving, needlework, installation and natural raw materials; aspects of material culture generated by techniques for working in fiber art. Does not address costume design or other fashion-related art forms. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 388 - Ceramics: Dinnerware


    ART 142 . (3).

    Intermediate ceramics topic focusing on the design and creation of dinnerware, utilizing the processes of porcelain slipcasting and mold-making. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 389 - Glass Casting


    ART 281  or consent of instructor. (3).

    Intermediate glass topic introducing casting through kiln use. Includes mold-making, glass casting, and coldworking. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 390 - Advanced Art Studio Topics


    One from ART 116 , ART 132 , ART 141 , ART 142 . (3).

    Undertaking of advanced art projects and study and/or exploration of specialized and unique medium/media to develop and expand art skills, knowledge and competence. May be reelected to a total of 9 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 391 - Advanced Projects in Interaction and Motion Design


    ART 377 . (3).

    Design focused on creation of large-scale projects, working from initial concept to full implementation. Semester-long effort could include individual, group-based, or external projects with or without clients. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 392 - Portfolio Development


    ART 240 , consent of instructor. (1-3).

    Students undertake individually conceived and faculty-guided projects to develop a body of work in the area of emphasis. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y.
  
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    ART 393 - Landscape Painting


    ART 263  or consent of instructor. (3).

    Explorations of landscape as a subject in visual art. Includes studio and en plein air (outdoor) work, as well as both realistic and conceptual approaches, with an emphasis on historical development. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 395 - Advanced Studio Problems, Two-Dimensional


    Consent of instructor. Open only to upper-level students in art. (1-6).

    Advanced level studio course, intended to encourage individual development in a selected medium. Oil paint, acrylic, mixed media, watercolor or drawing materials may be selected. May be repeated to total 6 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 396 - Advanced Studio Problems, Three-Dimensional


    Consent of instructor. Open only to upper-level students in art. (1-6).

    Pursuit of individual projects in three-dimensional media; limited to students with previous advanced work in sculpture, ceramics, or another three-dimensional area. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 398 - Internship in Art


    At least junior standing, consent of instructor. (1-6).

    Hands-on experience and exploration of career opportunities in the art field. Selected placement of qualified students in commercial or non-profit organizations. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y.
  
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    ART 401 - Senior Design Portfolio


    Art and Design Program major; consent of instructor. (3) CAP

    Rigorous evaluation of students’ body of work designed to produce a professional portfolio capable of producing commissioned assignments or employment. Includes professional development strategies and business skills. Must successfully pass a capstone panel review. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 402 - Advanced Project in Photography


    ART 126 . (3).

    Study devoted to a single, semester-long photography and media project. Exploration of theories and techniques of creating sustained visual content. Emphasis on identifying projects capable of execution within a planned concept, time-frame, budget, and use of the medium. May be reelected for 6 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 404 - Studio Photography I


    ART 302 . (3).

    Exploration of studio practice, including lighting, set construction, props, and tabletop still life photography. Also listed as COM 404  .Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 405 - Studio Photography II


    ART 404 /COM 404 . (3).

    Advanced exploration of studio practice, including digital capture, workflows, and special effects. Also listed as COM 405 .Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    ART 406 - Branding Design


    ART 330 . (3).

    Exploration of logos, logotype, and visual identity systems. Emphasis on the creative process, research, and branding techniques. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 407 - Advanced Life Painting or Drawing


    ART 263  or ART 359  or consent of instructor. (3).

    Investigation of the human figure in painting or drawing, with emphasis on advanced techniques such as creating multi-figured compositions and varied styles and settings.  Focus on either painting or drawing; may be reelected once in the alternate medium. Graded ABCDE. Offered Infrequently.
  
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    ART 408 - Boundaries of Painting or Drawing


    ART 263  or ART 359  or consent of instructor. (3).

    Focus on the integration of painting and drawing with other media, whether conceptually or physically, and how to think about the boundaries between media in both practical and theoretical ways. Focus on either painting or drawing; may be reelected once in the alternate medium. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 422 - Image and Text


    ART 329 , ART 330 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Exploration of two major elements of graphic design photography and typography. Students design and produce a variety of printed materials using these elements to communicate specific messages in a manner both effective and artistic.  Also listed as COM 422 .Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    ART 460 - Spoken Word as Art and Communication


    COM 210 . (3) F

    Spoken Word as both art and communication, linked to public speaking but different in nature of performative content, delivery and purpose.  Traditional elements of Spoken Word performance from the 1950s to present day; various forms of Spoken Word (slam poetry, open mic, performance art) as it is linked to social justice and reasons performers create work for the stage.  Students learn artistic use of voice and body language to convey messages to two audiences: Self and Other. Also listed as COM 460  and THE 460 .Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 471 - Sculpture: Advanced Techniques


    One of ART 350 , ART 371 , ART 372 , ART 373 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Advanced studio course. Continued exploration of materials and techniques to execute three-dimensional art. Students are encouraged to research and develop personal styles in both aesthetic response and technique.  May be repeated to a total of 9 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 472 - Advanced Figure Modeling


    ART 367 . (3).

    Advanced studio course exploring work with the live model from both traditional and non-tranditional perspectives.  Focus on development of stylistic and expressive approaches to the human subject in conventional and new media. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 474 - Off-Campus Study Preparation for Honors Program


    HON 155  or HON 355 . (1-3).

    Independent study course designed for development of the Honors Program off-campus study proposal, carried out in close consultation with the Art Honors Advisor and and the Honors Director. Involves development of the project and/or necessary skills to undertake the off-campus study experience. Grade assigned by the Art Advisor when the off-campus study proposal is completed to the satisfaction of the advisor and the Honors Director. May be reelected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y.
  
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    ART 481 - Ceramics: Advanced Techniques


    One of ART 381 , ART 382 , ART 383 , ART 384 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Advanced studio course. Continued exploration of ceramic techniques to execute designs in clay that are both functional and sculptural in nature. Formulating glazes, stacking and firing a kiln. Students are encouraged to research and develop personal styles in aesthetic response and technique.  May be repeated to a total of 9 credits. Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    ART 490 - Topics in Advanced Printmaking Techniques


    ART 122 , at least sophomore standing, consent of instructor. (3).

    Students expand on previous investigations in a selected print technique. May be reelected to a total of 12 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 495 - Senior Exhibition


    ART 240 , at least junior standing, BFA major in the visual arts. (1).

    Students work towards completion of a professional portfolio and artist’s statement, culminating in a major solo exhibition. Review of project/exhibition by a panel of program faculty is required to pass the course and is reflected in the course grade. Graded ABCDE/Y.
  
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    ART 498 - Career Strategies for Professional Artists


    (Formerly 399). ART 240 , at least junior standing, BFA major in the visual arts. (3) CAP

    Preparation for all art majors in professional training for a career as an artist. Topics range from presentation of individual pieces to display techniques, contract negotiation, and other business-related matters. Students work together on a group exhibition to learn about professionalism in public art projects. Successful completion of the group exhibition is required to pass the course. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    ART 507 - Topics in Communication and Visual Arts


    Graduate standing. (1-3).

    Focus on various topics involving intensive study in areas related to communication, graphic design, or studio art. The title for each section varies based on the topic of study. May be reelected for credit when topics vary. Also listed as COM 507 .Graded ABCDE.
  
  
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    ASL 111 - American Sign Language I


    Not open to students with more than one year of high school American Sign Language except by departmental consent. (4) FL

    Basic sign language. Introduction to vocabulary, direction and orientation of signs, hand shapes, common phrases and basic dialogue. Emphasis on visual reception and expression of signed concepts. Taught at Mott Community College; follows its class schedule.  Graded ABCC-N.
  
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    ASL 112 - American Sign Language II


    ASL 111  or consent of instructor. (4) FL

    Continuation of ASL 111 , broadening the student’s vocabulary, visual acuity, understanding, and sign output.  Taught at Mott Community College; follows its class schedule.  Graded ABCC-N.
  
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    ASL 120 - Basic American Sign Language for Educators


    Not open to students with more than one year of high school American Sign Language except by departmental consent. (3).

    Development of basic functional skills in American Sign Language for individuals working in the education field. Focus on vocabulary, structures and patterns needed for practical situations such as communicating with students and parents, developing reports, etc., at an elementary level. Discussion of cultural topics to promote awareness and understanding of the Deaf Community. Does not satisfy the foreign language requirement. Graded ABCC-N.
  
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    AST 100 - Introductory Laboratory


    Consent of instructor. (1) N, NL

    Introductory laboratory for transfer students with credit for a lecture-only course equivalent to the lecture portion of one of: AST 131 , AST 135 , PHY 143 , PHY 145 May be reelected to a total of 4 credits. Also listed as PHY 100 .Graded Pass/Fail.
  
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    AST 120 - Survey of Astronomy


    (4) N, NL

    Introductory course for non-science majors. Provides a broad introduction to astronomy including: daily, monthly and yearly patterns in the sky; an introductory survey of gravity, light, and atoms; formation of the solar system; stars and stellar evolution; galaxies, cosmology, and the evolution of the universe; and the fundamental tenets of science and the scientific process. Covers most areas of modern astronomy at a level requiring basic mathematics. Graded ABCDE/Y.
  
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    AST 131 - Astronomy of the Solar System


    MTH 111  with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or equivalent as determined by math placement test. (4) N, NL

    Origin and history of the Universe and formation of the Earth and solar system.  Earth’s properties compared with those of other planets. Properties of light and tools astronomers use. Laboratories feature planetarium visits and activities demonstrating astronomical phenomena.   Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week. Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    AST 135 - Beyond the Solar System


    MTH 111  with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or equivalent as determined by math placement test. (4) N, NL

    The nature of stars, black holes, luminous nebulae, supernovae, galaxies, and other cosmic phenomena. Foundations of modern cosmology ; exploration of spacetime, gravity, and building blocks of the universe.  Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week. Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    AST 291 - Supervised Study in Astronomy


    Consent of instructor. (1-3).

    Laboratory work or study of the literature on designated problems chosen by the student in consultation with a faculty supervisor. For students who already have some knowledge of elementary astronomy. May be reelected to a total of 4 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    AST 391 - Independent Study


    Consent of instructor. (1-3).

    Laboratory study or study of current literature on a special problem. May be reelected to a total of 4 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y.
  
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    AUE 300 - Fundamentals of Automotive Engineering


    EGR 260 , EGR 280 , each with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3).

    Emphasis on systems approach to automotive design.  Automotive structure, suspension steering, brakes and drivelines.  Basic vehicle dynamics in performance and handling modes presented.  A semester-long design project is required. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    AUE 400 - Automotive Drive Systems


    EGR 353  and prior or concurrent election of EGR 356  each with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3).

    Analytical approach to the engineering problem and performance analysis of different types of drive systems such as internal combustion engines, electrics, hybrids, etc.  Thermodynamics, combustion, heat transfer, friction, and other factors affecting engine power, efficiency and emissions.  Design and operating characteristics of different types of engines.  Computer assignments; engine laboratories. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    AUE 401 - Automotive Body Structures


    Prior or concurrent election of EGR 315  with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3).

    Emphasis on body concept for design using first order modeling of thin walled structural elements.  Practical application of solid/structural mechanics is considered to design automotive bodies for global bending, torsion, vibration, crashworthiness, topology, material selection, packaging, and manufacturing constraints. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    AUE 402 - Vehicle Dynamics and Control Systems


    EGR 260 , EGR 370 , prior or concurrent election of EGR 330  each with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3).

    Dynamics of single-and double-track vehicles enabling prediction of their responses to external disturbances.  Directional response and stability in small disturbance maneuvers.  Design and analysis of vehicle control systems such as cruise control, traction control, active suspensions and advanced vehicle control systems for Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems (IVHS).  Human factor considerations such as driver interfaces. May be used as part of the IVHS certification program. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BAS 498 - Applied Science Senior Seminar


    Senior standing in Bachelor of Applied Science Program. (3) CAP

    Seminar for students completing the Applied Science Program.  Topics derived from each student’s specialized work discussed from an inter-disciplinary perspective. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 103 - Biology for Non-Scientists


    (4) N, NL

    Biology topics relevant to everyday life, about plants, nutrition, genetics, viruses, parasites and the value of the scientific method. Intended for non-science majors. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 104 - Introduction to Human Biology


    (4) N, NL

    Introductory human anatomy and physiology with a focus on exercise physiology and human health. Intended for non-science majors. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 111 - Organismal Biology


    (4) N, NL

    Introduction to basic principles of biology relating to biodiversity. Survey of microorganisms, fungi, plants and animals, including aspects of classification, development, structure (anatomy) and function (physiology). emphasizing guided discovery and critical thinking. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 113 - Principles of Biology


    CHM 140  or higher-numbered chemistry course with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or consent of the instructor (Students with two semesters of high school chemistry and grades of B (3.0) or better may request an override of this prerequisite.) (4).

    Introduction to basic principles of biology relating to cell structure and function, cell reproduction and mechanisms underlying patterns of inheritance, ecology and evolution. Lecture and laboratory emphasizing guided discovery and critical thinking. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 135 - Microbiology Basics


    (4) N, NL

    An introduction to the microbial world with an emphasis on clinical application. Lecture topics include microbial structure and physiology, the infectious disease process including methods of transmission as well as effective prevention and control measures, including aseptic techniques; the laboratory portion emphasizes aseptic technique, identification and clinical relevance of microorganisms as well as the control of unwanted microbes. Designed for nursing and allied health professional career paths. May not adequately support biological research and/or practicing physician career paths; not designed for general biology degree candidates or for non-science majors. Lecture/laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 167 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I


    MTH 111  or higher-level math with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or placement into MTH 118  or higher on math placement exam. (4).

    Study of the structure and function of cells, tissues and four human body systems; emphasis on the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 168 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II


    BIO 167  with a grade of C- or better; or consent of instructor. (4) HW

    Study of the structure and function of the human endocrine, cardiovascular, digestive, excretory, reproductive and respiratory systems. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 295 - Comparative Animal Nutrition


    BIO 113  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better. (3).

    Introduction to the biology underlying nutrient requirements for vertebrate animals, symptoms of nutrient deficiency & toxicity, and implications for human health. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 299 - Michigan Spring Flora


    (4) N, NL

    A field and laboratory course designed to acquaint students with the flowering plants of Michigan. Modern techniques of collecting, preserving, field and laboratory identifying, and determining local distribution.  Not recommended for science majors. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE. Offered Infrequently.
  
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    BIO 301 - Biostatistics


    Strong preparation in high school or college algebra and eight credits of biology. (4).

    Analysis of quantitative data from biological sources, using basic statistical procedures to elucidate biological phenomena. Mathematical derivations and probabilistic theory not stressed; emphasis on the selection and interpretation of statistical tests commonly used by biologists. Prior knowledge of statistics not necessary. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 307 - Topics in Human Anatomy


    Consent of instructor. (1-4).

    In-depth study of one or more areas of regional anatomy. Course content, format and prerequisites vary with the topic presented. Involves hands-on lab activities and/or distance-learning presentations for study of cadaver anatomy. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits when topics vary. Lecture/Lab. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 326 - Cell Biology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113  with grades of C- (1.7) or better; prior or concurrent election of CHM 262 , or grade of C (2.0) or better in CHM 220  or CHM 252 ; or consent of instructor. (4).

    Biological systems from molecular to gross cell structure: such concepts as energy conversion, organization, growth, homeostasis, and cellular interactions. Examples from both animal and plant kingdoms. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 327 - Ecology


    Grades of C- (1.7) or better in BIO 111 , BIO 113 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the ecological interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms. Includes evolutionary principles, abiotic and biotic limiting factors, population growth and regulation, community structure and change, and energy flow and nutrient cycling. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 328 - Genetics


    BIO 111 , BIO 113  both with grades of C- (1.7) or better,  CHM 140  or higher-numbered chemistry course with a grade of C (2.0) or better or consent of instructor. (Students with two semesters of high school chemistry and grades of B (3.0) or better may request an override of the chemistry prerequisite; students with two semesters of high school biology and grades of B (3.0) or better may request an override of the BIO 111  prerequisite). (4).

    Principles of inheritance from molecular through population levels. Gene action, cytoplasmic inheritance, parthenogenesis, mutation, and homeostasis. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 373 - Biogeography


    Grades of C (2.0) or better in ESS 150 , MTH 120  and BIO 111 . (3).

    Study of the spatial patterns of biological diversity and its causes, both in the present and in the past. Biogeographers synthesize information from a broad range of fields, including geography, ecology, paleontology, and climatology. This course examines the impact that climatic variation of the past 2 million years had on the distribution of biological diversity, with an emphasis on the flora and fauna of the Great Lakes and the upper Midwest region of North America. Also listed as ESS 372 .Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 405 - Microbiology Lecture


    BIO 326  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better. BIO 328  highly recommended. (3).

    Biology of microorganisms with emphasis on prokaryotes and viruses. Includes microbial anatomy, physiology, growth, genetics, control and medical aspects of host-parasite relationships. Not open to students with credit for BIO 435 without instructor consent. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 406 - Microbiology Laboratory


    BIO 405  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better or concurrent election of  BIO 405 . (1).

    Laboratory study of microbial life, building skills in fundamental microbiological laboratory techniques to include microscopy, aseptic and pure culture techniques, and an introduction to the identification, control and characterization of, as well as applied uses for, microbial species. Not open to students with credit for BIO 435 without instructor consent. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 408 - Comparative Anatomy


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4).

    Evolutionary and developmental aspects of the gross structure of representative chordate animals.  Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    BIO 412 - Developmental Biology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (4).

    Survey of the gross morphological, cellular, and molecular aspects of cellular differentiation and organismic development in multicellular eukaryotes. Emphasis on experimental approaches used to analyze eukaryotic development. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    BIO 418 - Lectures in Histology and Organology


    Grades of C- (1.7) or higher in BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; concurrent election of BIO 419 . (3).

    Microscopic structure and function of mammalian cells, tissues and organs. Lecture. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 419 - Histology and Organology Laboratory


    Grades of C- (1.7) or higher in BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; concurrent election of BIO 418 ; or consent of instructor. (2).

    Identification of mammalian cells, tissues and organs. Laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 421 - Mammalogy


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 ; or consent of instructor. (4).

    Study of the major groups of mammals; natural history, physiology, anatomy, and systematics of all living orders; North American mammals classified to family. Students are responsible for species identification from field and skull characters of most Michigan mammals. Lecture and laboratory. Laboratories in the field encompassing techniques commonly used in mammalogy; required trip to Detroit Zoo. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 423 - Wildlife Ecology and Management


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4).

    Application of basic ecological knowledge to populations of animals and their plant and animal associates. Dynamics of animal and plant populations and communities; management of animal populations (including introduced, game, non-game and endangered species) and ecosystems that support these populations; the need to balance the welfare of managed populations with the needs of people. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 425 - Immunology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 BIO 326 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Physiology and chemistry of resistance to infection and responses to foreign biological substances of a potentially harmful nature. Includes natural immunity, antigen-antibody reactions, immunosuppression and tolerance, the complement system, hypersensitivity, immune deficiencies, autoimmunity, and tumor immunology. Applications include serology.  Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 426 - Wildlife Policy and Law


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4).

    Policy sciences approach to fish and wildlife issues, such as ecology, “native” and introduced species, ex situ and in situ conservation, wildlife and ethnoscience, wildlife use and trade. Local policies; roles of parks, zoos, gardens and arboreta; state, federal and international laws and conventions. Offered online only. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 427 - Forest Vegetation Identification


    BIO 327 , consent of instructor. (2).

    Focus on identification of trees, shrubs, and community composition, as well as important ecological components for the major forest types found in Michigan. Students meet for field-based labs at parks and recreation areas throughout Genesee, Lapeer, and Oakland counties. Includes a required weekend (Friday-Sunday) trip to explore forest types throughout Michigan. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 428 - Basic Pharmacology


    BIO 326  with a C- (1.7) or better; one of BIO 168 , BIO 432  with a grade of (1.7) C- or better; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Basic principles of pharmacology and concepts of cell biology and physiology useful to the field. Molecular pharmacology (receptor structure and activation, and signal transduction), autonomic pharmacology (how drugs act through the autonomic nervous system), and neuropharmacology (neurotransmitter networks and brain pathways, and the drugs that act specifically on synapses that control these pathways). Multiple-choice exams, writing assignments designed to improve critical writing skills. Multiple-choice exams, writing assignments designed to improve critical writing skills. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 431 - Comparative Animal Physiology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Detailed comparative study of invertebrate and vertebrate physiology with special emphasis on environmental and energy interrelationships. Lecture. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 432 - Mammalian Physiology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (4) CAP

    Detailed study of organ and organ-system function in mammals; emphasis on human function. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 433 - Premedical Gross Anatomy


    BIO 167 BIO 168 , with a grades of C (2.0) or better; or BIO 432  with a grade of C (2.0) or better; or consent of instructor. (5).

    Detailed study of the gross structure of the human body. Laboratory involves cadaver dissection. Lecture and laboratory. Not open to students with credit for BIO 434. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 436 - Applied and Environmental Microbiology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 328 , BIO 405 , BIO 406 . (3).

    Metabolic abilities of microorganisms as vital components of all ecosystems and their extreme economic importance to man. Includes environmental microbiology and elemental cycling; water and waste-water treatment; microbiodegradation and biotransformation of compounds; industrial fermentation of foods, chemicals, and antibiotics; and genetic engineering. Lecture. Graded ABCDE. Offered infrequently.
  
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    BIO 438 - Medical Microbiology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; CHM 261 , CHM 262 . (4).

    Biology of medically significant prokaryotes. Morphology, growth characteristics, virulence factors, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of bacterial diseases of major medical importance, as well as emerging pathogens. Host immune response, treatment, and prevention stressed. Laboratory exercises emphasize diagnostic techniques as well as virulence mechanisms. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 439 - Clinical Mycology


    BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Study of the physiology, growth and classification of fungi, with emphasis on clinical application. Lecture/discussion. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 444 - Neuroscience


    BIO 167 , BIO 168  with grades of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 432  with a grade of C (2.0) or better; or consent of instructor. (4).

    Study of the structure and function of the human nervous system from ion channels to neural pathways. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 445 - Regional Anatomy


    BIO 168 , BIO 167  with grades of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 432 ; with a grade od C (2.0) or better, or consent of instructor. (3).

    Study of regional human anatomy with emphasis on neurovascular relationships of the head, neck, thoracic cavity and limbs. Lecture and laboratory involving cadaver dissection. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 446 - Animal Behavior


    BIO 327  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better; or consent of instructor. (4).

    Animal behavior studied through the use of comparative and ethological methods. Discussion of ontogeny of behavior, perceptual processes, learning, social behavior, communication, evolution, hormone and genetic influences, and species-specific behaviors. Lecture; one Saturday trip to the zoo required. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 447 - Biomechanics of Exercise and Sports


    BIO 167  and PHY 143 ; or consent of instructor. (3).

    Concepts and theories of biomechanics of exercise science, with emphasis on biomechanical form and techniques used in exercise and sports.  Labs involve physical participation in functionally relevant activities with the goal of enhancing both safety and performance.  Suitable for professionals working in the fitness and certain health careers (e.g., athletic trainers, physical therapists, sports medicine practitioners, physicians). Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 450 - Parasitology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (4).

    Study of the major groups of parasitic protists and animals, with particular emphasis on those infecting humans and the higher vertebrates. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 453 - Evolution and Adaptation


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (4) CAP

    Fundamentals of plant and animal evolution. Includes genetics of populations, selection models, geographic variation, adaptation, population structure, mating systems, species concepts, and molecular evolution. Emphasis on evolutionary mechanisms in populations. Lecture, laboratory, and some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 455 - Biology, Ecology, and Management of Fishes


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4).

    Introduction to ichthyology. Anatomy, behavior, ecology, evolution and physiology of fishes; ecology and management concepts fishery managers use to meet objectives including sustainable management of fisheries. Laboratories on identification of fishes of Michigan and of the world, and basic analytic and modeling techniques for fish population management; field trips to local freshwater habitats for field identification and demonstration of collection techniques. Lecture, laboratory, some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 456 - Herpetology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 BIO 327  with a grades of C- (1.7) or better. (4).

    Aspects of taxonomy, evolution, morphology, anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior and conservation for amphibians and reptiles; identification of families and selected species. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 459 - Plant-Animal Interactions


    BIO 327 . (4).

    Exploration of topics in plant-animal interactions from primary literature; a writing course with field based observations. Lecture, discussion, and some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE.
  
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    BIO 460 - Conservation Biology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4).

    Examination of the principles underlying attempts to conserve biodiversity. Conservation values and ethics, global biodiversity, species conservation, community level conservation, and management and design of reserves. Lecture, laboratory, and some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE.
 

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