Graduate standing; BIO 326 with a grade of C- (1.7) or better; one of BIO 168, BIO 432, BIO 532 with a grade of C- (1.7) or better; or consent of instructor. (3).
Basic principles of pharmacology and concepts of cell biology and physiology useful to the field. Molecular pharmacology (receptor structure and activation, and signal transduction), autonomic pharmacology (how drugs act through the autonomic nervous system), and neuropharmacology (neurotransmitter networks and brain pathways, and the drugs that act specifically on synapses that control these pathways). Multiple-choice exams, writing assignments designed to improve critical writing skills. Not open to students with credit for BIO 428.