A philosophy course or consent of instructor. (3).
Nature of science; major revolutions in science, especially the Copernican-Newtonian revolution in astronomy and physics in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus, Kepler, Descartes, Harvey and Newton. Darwinian revolution and the philosophy of the social sciences. Nontechnical; for non-scientists as well as science students.