Apr 20, 2024  
2021-2022 Catalog 
    
2021-2022 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Listings


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  • HCR 385 - Health Care Program Evaluation


    ENG 112  or EHS 120  or HON 156  ; HCR 300 MTH 090  with a grade of C (2.0) or higher within last 5 years or placement into MTH 111  or higher on UM-Flint Math Department placement exam within last 5 years.  Online section(s) only restricted to Health Care Administration (BS). (3)

    Developing a frame of reference for research and evaluation of health care programs. Research and evaluation methods, including setting objectives, measurement of attitudes, and presenting evaluation reports. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 386 - Media and Materials in Health Care Education


    At least junior standing. (3)

    Guides students toward acceptance of the proper role and place of media in the health education process, and improves the students’ skills in the selection, production, use and evaluation of media in health education. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 388 - Directed Studies


    Consent of instructor. (1-3)

    Research on a specific problem in health care. May be reelected for credit. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 390 - Health Care Internship/Capstone


    Senior standing, consent of instructor, and select courses per major (see department). Not appropriate for non-PHHS majors unless all internship/capstone prerequisites have been completed (see department). (3) CAP

    Work assignment in a health care agency as an intern who observes and participates in agency activities under the supervision of both agency and school staff. Internship experiences and related readings discussed in seminars. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 391 - UHWC Practicum


    Senior standing; consent of instructor; and select courses per major (see department). (3-6) CAP

    Work assignments in the Urban Health and Wellness Center for health education students directed by UM-Flint faculty.  Assignments vary reflecting current opportunities. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 392 - Health Care Cooperative Experience


    At least junior standing, consent of instructor and co-op coordinator. (3-6)

    Job assignment planned jointly by the student, the supervisor, and the Academic Advising and Career Center at the beginning of the cooperative work experience. Duties involved should relate to the student’s academic program and should increase in responsibility and difficulty during the period of the assignment. Preparation of a paper related to the work experience and problems encountered and handled. May be reelected for credit. Graded Pass/Fail
  
  • HCR 393 - Healthcare Internship Extension


    Prior or concurrent election of HCR 390 ; at least senior standing; consent of instructor. (1-3)

    Extension of internship experience in healthcare setting. Internship experiences and related readings discussed in seminars. May be reelected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 394 - Special Topics in Health Care


    At least junior standing. (1-3)

    Current research topics and issues in health care. Topics announced before each offering of the course. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 400 - Affordable Care: The Role of Health Insurance


    HCR 300 , at least junior standing. Online section(s) only restricted to Health Care Administration (BS). (3)

    Health insurance and managed care programs, their delivery and financing. Risk and insurance fundamentals, private and public health insurance plans, Medicare and Medicaid, alternative funding, integrated health care delivery systems, consumer-directed health plans, retiree and senior coverage, disability income insurance, long-term care insurance; prospective payment, quality assurance, government regulation and the impact of PPACA on these programs. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 404 - AIDS: A Public Health Crisis


    ENG 112  or EHS 120 , at least sophomore standing. (3) HW

    Public health perspectives on the HIV/AIDS pandemic as it affects  individuals, communities, institutions and governments.  Emphasis on critical thinking in exploring the HIV/AIDS crisis from risks and transmission to prevention and treatment.  Selected socio-cultural, economic, political, behavioral and psychological factors and their impact on HIV infections rates; biology and epidemiology of HIV infection; history of the US epidemic; modes of transmission and personal risk.  Disease prevention and health promotion, health care practices, legal aspects and future directions for combating AIDS pandemic at local, nation and global levels. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HCR 410 - Health Care Strategic Planning


    HCR 300 , HCR 376 ; at least junior standing. (3)

    Theory, skills, and applications of health planning. Health planning in the public sector, and strategic planning in the private sector. Health insurance reform, stakeholder analysis, conditions, quality management, and survival strategies. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 411 - Economic Applications in Health Administration


    HCR 376 , ECN 202 , a course in statistics; at least junior standing. (3)

    Issues underlying the politics and economics of health services; introduction to principles of microeconomics and decision analysis as a way to approach resource allocation issues within health care organizations.  Economic framework used to explain the forces pressing for change in health care, as well as why the health system has evolved to its current state. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 428 - Seminar in Environmental Health


    PHS 420  or consent of instructor. (1-3)

    Detailed examination of environmental health issues including air water quality, occupational exposure. Topics and instructor(s) announced each semester. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 461 - Mental Health Promotion


    PSY 100  or SOC 100  or at least junior standing or consent of instructor. (3)

    Overview of the emerging field of mental health promotion, focused on promoting mental well being and preventing mental ill health.  Construction and critique of interventions designed to promote mental health, on individual, community and policy levels.  Evidence-based interventions in schools, workplace, primary care, and other settings.  The link between physical and mental well-being; the epidemiology of mental disorders; the role of stigma; issues relating to inequalities. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HCR 474 - Topics in Disability Studies


    At least junior standing. (1 or 3)

    Interdisciplinary approach to disability studies, including focus on arts and humanities, natural and social sciences, and professional schools. Topics include history and cultural representation of disability, advocacy, health, rehabilitation, built environment, independent living, public policy. Team taught with visiting speakers.  Accessible classroom with real-time captioning. HCR 474 and HCR 574, together, may be elected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 477 - Financial Management in Health Care


    HCR 300 , HCR 376 ; at least junior standing. (3) FQ

    Examination of the financial workings of hospitals, including third party payor reimbursement methods and requirements; budgeting, working capital analysis, long-term resources and obligations, and external reporting. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 478 - Healthcare Quality Management


    HCR 410 ; at least junior standing. (3)

    Introduction to analytical techniques currently utilized to improve quality in health care. Topics include: introduction and history of operations management to improve quality, decision-making tools, balanced scorecard, project management, Six Sigma, LEAN, and simulation. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 480 - Analytic Solutions to Healthcare Problems


    PR: Senior standing; PHS 315 or NSC 402, CSC 306. (4) CAP

    Utilizing healthcare data analytics solutions, organizations across the US can comply with performance improvement, efficiency, and reporting requirements. In this interdisciplinary course, students work with real-world data to develop data structures and analysis to solve problems in the healthcare system proposed by the faculty or community partners. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 487 - Legal Issues in Health Care


    HCR 300 , at least junior standing. (3)

    Legal issues, restraints and problems arising from the organization and delivery of health care services. Liability and malpractice; definitions of death; informed consent; and health care personnel in court. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 490 - Advanced Health Care Internship/Capstone


    Senior standing, consent of instructor, select courses per major (see department).  Not appropriate for non-PHHS majors. (3) CAP

    Capstone experience for students currently working in a health administration or public health setting in positions with responsibilities beyond those of an HCR 390 internship. Students apply skills and knowledge learned in program courses to build upon current work experience. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 491 - Advanced Healthcare Internship Continuation


    Prior or concurrent election of HCR 490 ; at least senior standing; consent of instructor. (1-3)

    Continuation of advanced internship experience in a healthcare setting. Internship experiences and related readings discussed in seminars. HCR 490 and HCR 491, together, may be elected to a total of 6 credits. May be reelected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 500 - Epidemiology


    Graduate standing; intermediate algebra recommended.   (4)

    Comprehensive examination of basic concepts, principles and methods of epidemiologic research and its foundational role in the field of public health. Examination of study design, quantitative measures, statistical analysis, data quality, bias and causal inference; application of these concepts as discussed in literature of the field. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 501 - Seminar in Epidemiology


    Admission to MS In Health Education program or consent of instructor. (1)

    Focus on intermediate concepts in epidemiology, including issues of bias, confounding and random error. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 505 - Health Policy


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Comprehensive analysis of the health policy process in the United States with comparisons to foreign health systems. Systematic and critical review of major ideological influences that have shaped health policy. Other issues include policy implementation and management, policy evaluation, and the impact of government health policy on providers, insurers, industry, labor and consumers. Also listed as PUB 505 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 506 - Research Methods


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Research designs and evaluative models used in health and public administration studies. Special emphasis on developing skills in research analysis and problem identification (research question development). Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 509 - Applications of Strategic Management in Health Care Systems


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Culminating experience in preparation for strategic management in health care systems.  Topics include: leading the development of key planning documents, including strategic plans, business service plans and business cases for new services; planning for business continuity in the face of potential disasters that could disrupt service delivery; developing and monitoring operating-unit strategic objectives that are aligned with mission and strategic objectives; evaluating whether a proposed action aligns with the organizational business/strategic plan. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 511 - Economic Applications in Health Administration


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Issues underlying the politics and economics of health services; introduction to principles of microeconomics and decision analysis as a way to approach resource allocation issues within health care organizations.  Economic framework used to explain the forces pressing for change in health care, as well as why the health system has evolved to its current state.   Not open to students with credit for HCR 411 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 525 - Contemporary Issues in Health Care Management


    Admission to MBA, MPA or DAP program; consent of instructor. (3)

    Contemporary health care issues that affect the management and delivery of health services. Current realities of supply and demand of health care services, assessed relative to demographics, socioeconomic status, and disease frequency; working relationships of health care managers, clinically-based employees and independent physicians. Evaluation of the merger of technology and the health care environment, relative to dynamics of computer technology and complexities of the environment. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 561 - Mental Health Promotion


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Overview of the emerging field of mental health promotion, focused on promoting mental well being and preventing mental ill health.  Construction and critique of interventions designed to promote mental health, on individual, community and policy levels.  Evidence-based interventions in schools, workplace, primary care, and other settings.  The link between physical and mental well-being; the epidemiology of mental disorders; the role of stigma; issues relating to inequalities. Not open to students with credit for HCR 461 . Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HCR 564 - Healthcare Marketing Strategies


    Graduate standing. (3)

    General survey of marketing strategies from the perspective of health care administration. Topics include target markets, marketing segmentation, marketing research, and the marketing mix.  Not open to students with credit forHCR 364. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 574 - Topics in Disability Studies


    Graduate standing. (1-3)

    Interdisciplinary approach to disability studies, including focus on arts and humanities, natural and social sciences, and professional schools. Topics include history and cultural representation of disability, advocacy, health, rehabilitation, built environment, independent living, public policy. Team taught with visiting speakers.  Accessible classroom with real-time captioning. HCR 474 and HCR 574, together, may be elected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 577 - Applications of Financial Management in Health Care


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Examination of the financial workings of hospitals, including third party payor reimbursement methods and requirements; budgeting, working capital analysis, long-term resources and obligations, and external reporting.  Applications include a series of practice exercises in accounting and financial management for analyzing, understanding, and applying concepts across a wide range of healthcare settings.  Designed to link theory to practical, real-world application via active learning. Based on fictitious entities and individuals (unless otherwise noted), the case applications cover basic concepts such as how to record transactions, compute financial ratios, and prepare financial statements as well as more advanced issues, such as the effects of healthcare regulation, the valuation of debt or equity securities, cost-volume profit analysis, and capital budgeting. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 578 - Performance Management in Health Care Organizations


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Principles of performance management for future health care leaders, managers, and others involved with health care organizations.  Applied knowledge for evaluation of current performance, related factors, and methods to improve outcome measures and quality of care. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 584 - Special Topics in Healthcare


    Graduate standing. (1-3)

    Current research topics, applications and issues in healthcare. Topics may vary and are announced before each offering of the course. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 587 - Legal Issues in Health Care


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Legal issues, restraints and problems arising from the organization and delivery of health care services. Liability and malpractice; definitions of death; informed consent; and health care personnel in court.  Not open to students with credit for HCR 487 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCR 588 - Independent Study in Health Care


    Consent of instructor. Open only to students in Health Care Administration MPA or other graduate level health care programs. (1-3)

    Directed reading or research on a topic relevant to health care/health care administration, under instructor’s supervision, by special arrangement only. May be reelected for credit. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 590 - Internship


    Graduate standing and consent of instructor. (3)

    Students intern in agencies under supervision of agency personnel and faculty, meet in seminars to discuss field experience and related readings. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory
  
  • HCR 591 - Healthcare Internship Continuation


    Graduate standing; prior or concurrent election of HCR 590 ; consent of instructor. (1-3)

    Continuation of internship experience in healthcare setting. Internship experiences and related readings discussed in seminars.  HCR 590 and HCR 591, together, may be elected to a total of 6 credits. May be reelected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HCR 621 - Qualitative Research Methods


    (3)

    Qualitative biostatistical concepts in physical therapy and health-related research. Focus on survey methodology, questionnaire design, data collection, sampling methods and sample size, ethnographic design, other qualitative designs. Includes weekly laboratory sessions on computer data analysis using qualitative computer software. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCS 501 - Introduction to Healthcare Simulation


    Admission to a healthcare graduate program or baccalaureate degree in a healthcare-related field from an accredited institution with a minimum overall GPA of 2.50. (3)

    Introduction to simulation healthcare theory and practice, including its history, different modalities for simulation-based learning (e.g. low fidelity, high fidelity, standardized patient, virtual reality), and how simulation can be integrated into a curriculum; foundational theoretical simulation knowledge and skills applicable to clinical and academic settings. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCS 502 - Healthcare Simulation Curriculum, Design, Facilitation and Assessment


    HCS 501  with a grade of B (3.0) or better. (3)

    Provides a framework for developing effective simulation-based learning experiences that encompass adult learning, education, instructional design, clinical standards of care, evaluation and simulation pedagogy. Additional topics include facilitation strategies based on learner needs and objectives, basic and advanced evaluation strategies, and debriefing strategies based on a theoretical framework. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCS 503 - Strategies to Improve Fidelity in Healthcare Simulation


    HCS 501  with a grade of B (3.0) or better, HCS 502  with a grade of B (3.0) or better or concurrent election of HCS 502 . (3)

    Topics related to enhancing the fidelity of simulation-based learning experiences, including moulage, technology, and the training and use of standardized/simulated patients.  Students learn and demonstrate knowledge of the topics presented in an on-campus 2-day immersion. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HCS 504 - Healthcare Simulation Capstone Project


    HCS 501 HCS 502 HCS 503  all with grades of B (3.0) or better. (3)

    Healthcare simulation capstone in which students use knowledge and skills to develop and carry out a simulation-based learning experience (SBLE).  Students design, implement and evaluate an SBLE developed over the semester in an on-campus 2-day immersion. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HED 503 - AIDS: A Public Health Crisis


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Public health perspectives on the HIV/AIDS pandemic as it affects individuals, communities, institutions and governments.  Emphasis on critical thinking in exploring the HIV/AIDS crisis from risks and transmission to prevention and treatment.  Selected socio-cultural, economic, political, behavioral and psychological factors and their impact on HIV infections rates; biology and epidemiology of HIV infection; history of the US epidemic; modes of transmission and personal risk.  Disease prevention and health promotion, health care practices, legal aspects and future directions for combating AIDS pandemic at local, nation and global levels.  Not open to students with credit forHCR 404. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HED 540 - Health Behavior Theory for Public Health


    Admission to the Master of Public Health (MPH) program or consent of instructor. (3)

    Basic overview of theories and strategies used in health promotion to influence behavior change among individuals, organizations, and communities. Theories including the transtheoretical model of stages of change, health belief model, social learning theory, and value expectancy. Strategies including various educational approaches, mass media, social marketing, focus groups, and normative group processes as applied to the community and organizations. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 541 - Program Planning and Program Design


    HED 540  or another course in health education theory approved by instructor. (3)

    Focus on knowledge and skills needed to plan and design effective health education programs for various populations. Topics include examination of methods to identify priorities, strategies to assess community strengths and needs, overview of planning models, program intervention design, implementation, and evaluation. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 542 - Administration and Management of Health Education Programs


    Admission to the Health Education or MPH programs. (3)

    Focus on specific skills needed to administer health education programs including budgeting, effective personnel selection and evaluation, evaluation of program goals and objectives and coordinating activities with other disciplines. Topics include: strategies for program management, conflict management, organizational behavior, quality assurance, and fund-raising. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 543 - Community Assessment


    Admission to the Master of Public Health (MPH) program. (3)

    Provides a broad understanding of the concepts involved in the process of community organization, including assessing the socio-political structure of communities, developing strategies for change within a community, and the role of the health educator in this process. Topics include: definition of a community, a review of social factors that impact disease, community assessment methods, models of community organization, and strategies of community organizing. Attention to skills for work with diverse groups and the role of formal and informal networks. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 544 - Psychosocial Aspects of Health


    Admission to the Health Education or MPH programs. (3)

    Examination of the social, behavioral, and educational aspects of disease prevention and health promotion. Discussion of different interventions and strategies, which address community and psychosocial aspects of public health, in an effort to explain how social, cultural, economic and political factors influence perceptions of health. The relationship of health knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behavior to preventive strategies, illness, sick-role, and health utilization behaviors also explored. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HED 545 - Health Communications


    Admission to the Master of Public Health (MPH) program. (3)

    Introduction to the theory and practice of planning, implementing and evaluating marketing and communication programs in health promotion. Topics include the development of effective health communication strategies, basic health communication literacy, use of theory to design messages, utilization of emerging technologies and review of presentation skills. Examination of the use and effectiveness of mass media to both report health-related news and to promote health behavior change. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 546 - Evaluation of Health Education and Promotion Programs


    Graduate standing. (3)

    Overview of program evaluation, including the methods and procedures for planning and conducting evaluation of public health education programs and interventions. The evaluation process, selecting the appropriate type of evaluation design, methodological issues, development and selection of valid and reliable measures, and guidelines for compiling, analyzing, summarizing, and reporting results of evaluations. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 547 - Biostatistics for Health Professionals


    HCR 500 . (4)

    Statistical analysis of data for professionals in health education with emphasis on variability, hypothesis testing, significance levels, confidence intervals and application of statistical tools commonly used in public health and health education, e.g. SPSS. No prior knowledge of statistics required. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 584 - Special Topics in Health Education


    Graduate standing. (1-3)

    Current research topics, applications and issues in health education. Topics announced before each offering of the course. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits when topics vary. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 588 - Directed Studies in Health Education


    (1-3)

    Directed reading or research on a topic relevant to health care/health education, under instructor’s supervision. By special arrangement only. May be reelected for credit. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HED 590 - Health Education Internship


    Admission to the MS in Health Education program and consent of instructor. (3-6)

    Students intern in agencies under supervision of agency personnel and faculty, and attend seminars to discuss field experience and related readings. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 591 - UHWC Practicum


    Consent of instructor. (3-6)

    Work assignments in the Urban Health and Wellness Center for health education students directed by UM-Flint faculty.  Assignments vary reflecting current opportunities.  Not open to students with credit forHCR 391. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory
  
  • HED 593 - Health Education Internship Continuation


    Graduate standing; prior or concurrent election of HED 590 ; consent of instructor. (1-3)

    Continuation of Internship experience in a health education setting. Internship experiences and related readings discussed in seminars.  HED 590 and HED 593, together, may be elected to a total of 6 credits. May be reelected to a total of 3 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • HED 594 - Capstone/Thesis Preparation Seminar


    HED 540 , HED 541 , HED 542 , HED 543 , HED 545 ; HED 544  or HED 546 ; consent of instructor. (1)

    Overview of the research process, designed to help students develop realistic timelines, enhance information about the process, and prompt students to use their class work to prepare for the thesis. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory
  
  • HED 595 - Thesis


    Graduate standing, HED 594 , consent of instructor. (3)

    Research, to be done under the supervision of a member of the program faculty. The research prospectus and the final paper must be submitted to both the supervisor and at least one other faculty member for approval. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 596 - Health Education Capstone


    Graduate standing, HED 594 , consent of instructor. (3-6)

    Application of health education knowledge, skills, and methods to identification and understanding of a significant health issue, problem, or gap in service in a “real-world” setting. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HED 597 - Capstone/Thesis Continuation


    HED 595  or HED 596 ; consent of instructor. (1)

    Continuation of capstone or thesis preparation. May be reelected for credit. Graded Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory
  
  • HIS 112 - World History to 1400


    (3) S

    Survey of cultural, social, intellectual, economic and political developments throughout the world through the fourteenth century.  Special attention devoted to the emergence of river valley civilizations and land empires, the development of world religions, and interconnections and contact between Old World societies. Also listed as INT 112 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 113 - World History: 1400 to 1900


    (3) S

    Survey of cultural, social, intellectual, economic and political developments throughout the world from the fourteenth through the nineteenth centuries.  Special attention devoted to global encounters and interactions; colonialism; the intellectual, political and socio-economic revolutions that led to the emergence of the modern world; imperialism. Also listed as INT 113 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 114 - Twentieth Century World History


    (3) S

    Survey of cultural, social, intellectual, economic, and political developments in the twentieth-century world.  Special attention devoted to imperialism, war and violence, decolonization in the developing world, and the process and effects of globalization.  Also listed as INT 114 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 120 - United States to 1865


    (Formerly HIS 220). (3) S

    Development and growth of American society, economics, culture, governmental structures, and core democratic values to 1865. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 121 - United States since 1865


    (Formerly HIS 221). (3) S

    Evolution of American social and cultural values and the role of government since 1865, to reflect both the United States’ changing social/cultural mores and its global economic and political responsibilities in the twentieth century and beyond. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 200 - The Third Reich


    (3) H

    Exploration of the rise of the Nazi Party, Adolf Hitler’s role within the party, and the party’s transformation of politics, society and culture during the Third Reich. Special attention given to the lives of ordinary people under the Third Reich, including its supporters, opponents and victims.  Additional topics include resistance to Hitler, the Holocaust, and World War II.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 212 - History of Innovation in the US


    3 S

    Overview of the history of innovation in the United States and its place within the American character as a complex process of networks and representative institutions.  Topics include development of structures and policies to support systematic innovation, specific innovations and their impact, the legal and political framework of innovation, the corporatization of innovation, innovation and the war, and myths of philosophies of innovation.  Students perform historical research, primary source analysis, and evidence-based writing to analyze patterns of technological innovation and prepare for further study of innovation and entrepreneurship across disciplines. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 212 - History of Innovation in the US


    (3)

    Overview of the history of innovation in the United States and its place within the American character as a complex process of networks and representative institutions.  Topics include development of structures and policies to support systematic innovation, specific innovations and their impact, the legal and political framework of innovation, the corporatization of innovation, innovation and the war, and myths of philosophies of innovation.  Students perform historical research, primary source analysis, and evidence-based writing to analyze patterns of technological innovation and prepare for further study of innovation and entrepreneurship across disciplines. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 222 - American Religious History


    (3) H

    This course surveys the diverse manifestations of religion in American history by examining how the religious landscape in the U.S. evolved over time. Students will explore how religious traditions interacted with American social relations, the economy and politics and the ways in which these interactions shaped the religious ideas and rituals of Americans? We will consider a variety of developments and their implications for American democracy such as: orthodoxy vs pluralism, church and state in a democratic society, immigration and globalization, and finally the variety of religious voices that have intersected with American politics from Malcolm X to the moral majority. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 228 - The Black Death and Beyond: How Epidemics Changed History


    (3)

    Investigation of the impact of epidemic diseases on Americans and western culture, from the bubonic plague to HIV/AIDS and the recent experience of SARS and COVID-19.  Focus on social, cultural and historical impacts of major infectious diseases; development of public health measures; social reactions in art and literature; the rise of the germ theory of disease; the issue of emerging and re-emerging diseases. Graded [ABCDE]
  
  • HIS 228 - The Black Death and Beyond: How Epidemics Changed History


    (3) (H.)

    Investigation of the impact of epidemic diseases on Americans and western culture, from the bubonic plague to HIV/AIDS and the recent experience of SARS and COVID-19.  Focus on social, cultural and historical impacts of major infectious diseases; development of public health measures; social reactions in art and literature; the rise of the germ theory of disease; the issue of emerging and re-emerging diseases. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 230 - Survey of African History to 1800


    (3) S

    African history from ancient times to the end of the 18th century. Economic, political and social foundations of African civilizations. The diversity of African societies, their contacts with each other and with peoples and cultures outside the continent, the Atlantic slave trade and its consequences on Africa and people of African descent. Also listed as AFA 230 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 235 - Introduction to the History of African Diaspora


    (3) GS, US

    Key issues and events in the history of the African Diaspora.  Using “homeland plus diaspora” model, discussion of common origins and experiences of Africans and people of African descent in various parts of the globe and contributions of Africans to the multi-ethnic and cross-cultural societies in Asia, Europe and the Americas. May be used to satisfy general education or BA distribution requirements, but not both. Also listed as AFA 235 . Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HIS 244 - The Birth of Baseball: How One Game Became America’s Pastime


    (3) (H.)

    Overview of the history of baseball as it grew from informal games to a national pastime. Students use the lens of baseball to explore topics in American history including race, gender, class, immigration, capitalism and identity, with a focus on how the game both reflected and influenced American society from the Civil War to World War I. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 283 - Introduction to Islam and the Modern Middle East


    (3) H

    The rise of Islam, specificity of Islamic civilization, interaction between the West and Islam, cross-cultural perceptions, and challenges confronting the modern” Middle East” and the Muslim world. Ethnic and religious diversity of the contemporary “Middle East.” Sources for the study of the Islamic world. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 290 - East Asia to 1600


    (3) H

    Development of Chinese, Japanese and Korean civilizations from antiquity to 1600. Development of various cultures with special attention to the influence of Chinese culture on other East Asian civilizations. Politics, economics, foreign relations.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 291 - East Asia Since 1600


    (3) H

    Development of Chinese, Japanese and Korean civilizations from 1600 to present.  Examines differing responses to Western culture, along with the rise of various schools of political thought (democracy, communism, fascism). Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 299 - Introduction to History


    HIS 112 , HIS 113 , HIS 120 , HIS 121 ; at least sophomore standing.  (3)

    Introduction to the discipline of history, including historical methods, research and writing techniques, and different modes of historical writing. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 301 - History Capstone Seminar


    HIS 299 , at least junior standing. Open to non-history concentrators with consent of Department Chair. (3) CAP

    Investigation of historical problems in a particular area of student interest as a small cohort under the direction of a History Department faculty member and as a part of a larger cohort of students in the History concentration; completion of a master project in history and a seminar presentation. Primarily for first semester juniors beginning a concentration in History. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 311 - How Women Saved the City: Gender and the Urban Form


    At least junior standing or consent of instructor.         (3)

    Historical examination of the gendered dimensions of urban America, with a focus on the ways women’s roles have influenced space, the political economy, and experiences in the American cities. Graded ABCDD-N
  
  • HIS 313 - Practicing Local History


    At least sophomore standing. (3)

    Exploration of local history as presented through various mediums, including guided tours, video and audio technology, heritage sites, and craft demonstrations.  Special focus on the history and craft of blacksmithing at open-air museums.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 315 - American Civil War and Reconstruction


    At least junior standing or consent of instructor. (3)

    Social, political and economic issues leading to the Civil War; the war itself; and the problems of reconstruction. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 316 - America Comes of Age: 1877-1920


    HIS 120 , HIS 121 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Social, cultural, economic and political developments during the era of America’s maturation.  Opens with the formal end of Reconstruction and a national railroad strike and closes with America launched as a power in the world, just as that world plunges into the Great War. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 317 - America Between the Wars, 1919-1939


    At least junior standing or consent of instructor. (3)

    Economic, social and political upheavals which rocked the United States from 1919 to 1939. The League of Nations controversy, the “Red Scare,” prohibition, the rise of the Ku Klux Klan, the crash and  the “Great Depression,” the impact of the New Deal on the United States, and events leading to American entry into World War II. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HIS 318 - Contemporary America


    At least sophomore standing and a course in US history. (3) H

    Social, economic and political developments since the New Deal with particular emphasis on world and cultural relationships. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HIS 320 - The American Military Experience


    HIS 121  or consent of instructor. (3)

    American military history from the colonial wars through the post-Vietnam era. How technology, politics, society and culture have interacted with the military establishment and strategic policy; influences of war on various aspects of American life. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • HIS 321 - History of the United States Constitution, 1789 to Present


    At least sophomore standing; a course in history. (3)

    Historical examination of the Constitution of the United States focusing on the events that affected its writing; the Constitutional Convention; the evolution of interpretations of the Constitution and resulting impact on the American society. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 323 - United States Theatre History


    HIS 121  or consent of instructor. (3)

    Examination of performance in the United States as an attempt to forge an “American” identity as part of political, national, cultural, social, esthetic and economic developments. Also listed as THE 303 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 325 - History of the British Isles to 1606


    At least sophomore standing, or consent of instructor. (3)

    Exploration of the development of society, culture and the state in the British Isles to 1606. Special attention to the parallels, conflicts and interconnections between the peoples of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 326 - History of the British Isles 1606-1919


    At least sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3)

    Exploration of the problematic construction of British national identity in relation to ethnicity, class, gender and the state since 1688. Special attention to the parallels, conflicts and interconnections between the peoples of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 329 - Michigan History


    At least junior standing. (3)

    Survey of the political, economic and social development of Michigan from the eighteenth century to the present. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 333 - Labor in America


    At least sophomore standing, a course in US history; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Exploration of the transformation of work in America from 1600 to the present, emphasizing the struggles of workers to organize in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the changing nature of the work process, and the particular experiences of female, immigrant, and minority workers. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 334 - History of Ethnicity and Race in the United States


    At least junior standing; a course in US history; or consent of instructor. (3) US

    Historical examination of the role of ethnicity and race in the United States with emphasis on changing patterns of immigration, the process of assimilation, the evolution of ethnicity, and differences and similarities in the experiences of ethnic and racial groups. Also listed as AFA 334 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 335 - History of African-Americans to 1877


    A course in American or African history. (3) S

    The African-American experience from African origins to 1877. Pre-16th century African civilizations, the Atlantic slave trade, the middle passage, racial slavery during the colonial and early republic. Survival strategies of the enslaved and free, struggles for freedom, equality, and social justice during the colonial and post revolutionary period. The abolitionist movement; the role of African-Americans in the Civil War and reconstruction. Lectures and documentary videos. Also listed as AFA 335 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 336 - Africa in Modern Times, 1800 to Present


    At least sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3) S

    Coming of European colonialism to Africa in the late nineteenth century and efforts of Africans to recapture their independence. Survey through the present period. Also listed as AFA 336 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 338 - Topics in African-American History


    A course in American or African-American history. (3)

    A different topic taught each year. May be reelected once for credit. Also listed as AFA 338 . Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 339 - History of Mexico


    At least sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3)

    Survey of Mexican history from pre-conquest times to the present. Indian and Spanish origins of Mexican society and culture, colonial institutions, the movement for national independence, liberalism and conservatism in the nineteenth century, origins and continuing impact of the Revolution of 1910. Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 351 - Early Modern Europe, 1350-1800


    At least sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3) H

    History of Europe from the end of the Middle Ages to the French Revolution, with special emphasis on cultural, intellectual, and artistic developments. Topics include the Renaissance and Reformation, the age of religious wars, the scientific revolution, and the Enlightenment.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • HIS 352 - History of Modern Russia


    At least sophomore standing or consent of instructor. (3)

    Social, cultural, and political history of Russia since 1800. Topics include Russia’s attempts at modernization, the management of its diverse land empire, the Russian revolution, the creation of the first socialist society and culture, Stalinist terror, and the unexpected collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Graded ABCDE
 

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