Feb 23, 2024  
2021-2022 Catalog 
    
2021-2022 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Listings


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  • AUE 400 - Automotive Drive Systems


    EGR 353  and prior or concurrent election of EGR 356  each with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3)

    Analytical approach to the engineering problem and performance analysis of different types of drive systems such as internal combustion engines, electrics, hybrids, etc.  Thermodynamics, combustion, heat transfer, friction, and other factors affecting engine power, efficiency and emissions.  Design and operating characteristics of different types of engines.  Computer assignments; engine laboratories. Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • AUE 401 - Automotive Body Structures


    Prior or concurrent election of EGR 315  with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3)

    Emphasis on body concept for design using first order modeling of thin walled structural elements.  Practical application of solid/structural mechanics is considered to design automotive bodies for global bending, torsion, vibration, crashworthiness, topology, material selection, packaging, and manufacturing constraints. Graded ABCDE
  
  • AUE 402 - Vehicle Dynamics and Control Systems


    EGR 260 , EGR 370 , prior or concurrent election of EGR 330  each with a grade of C (2.0) or better. (3)

    Dynamics of single-and double-track vehicles enabling prediction of their responses to external disturbances.  Directional response and stability in small disturbance maneuvers.  Design and analysis of vehicle control systems such as cruise control, traction control, active suspensions and advanced vehicle control systems for Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems (IVHS).  Human factor considerations such as driver interfaces. May be used as part of the IVHS certification program. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BAS 301 - Integrated Learning for the Arts and Sciences


    AAS degree, admission to BAS program. (3).

    Introduction and acclimation to expectations of the baccalaureate environment, with a foundation in methods of inquiry found across the disciplines of the arts and sciences offered in the BAS program. Emphasis on development of integrative approaches and methodologies in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, with a focus on data and technological literacy.  Students begin a portfolio of reflective learning they augment in subsequent courses, culminating in an integrated learning project in the BAS 498 capstone.  May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded ABCDE.
  
  • BAS 498 - Applied Science Senior Seminar


    Senior standing in Bachelor of Applied Science Program. (3) CAP

    Seminar for students completing the Applied Science Program.  Topics derived from each student’s specialized work discussed from an inter-disciplinary perspective. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 103 - Biology for Non-Scientists


    (4) N, NL

    Biology topics relevant to everyday life, about plants, nutrition, genetics, viruses, parasites and the value of the scientific method. Intended for non-science majors.Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 104 - Introduction to Human Biology


    (4) N, NL

    Introductory human anatomy and physiology with a focus on exercise physiology and human health. Intended for non-science majors. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 111 - Organismal Biology


    (4) N/NL

    Introduction to basic principles of biology relating to biodiversity. Survey of microorganisms, fungi, plants and animals, including aspects of classification, development, structure (anatomy) and function (physiology). emphasizing guided discovery and critical thinking. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 113 - Principles of Biology


    CHM 140  or higher-numbered chemistry course with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or consent of the instructor (Students with two semesters of high school chemistry and grades of B (3.0) or better may request an override of this prerequisite.) (4)

    Introduction to basic principles of biology relating to cell structure and function, cell reproduction and mechanisms underlying patterns of inheritance, ecology and evolution. Lecture and laboratory emphasizing guided discovery and critical thinking. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 135 - Microbiology Basics


    (4) N, NL

    An introduction to the microbial world with an emphasis on clinical application. Lecture topics include microbial structure and physiology, the infectious disease process including methods of transmission as well as effective prevention and control measures, including aseptic techniques; the laboratory portion emphasizes aseptic technique, identification and clinical relevance of microorganisms as well as the control of unwanted microbes. Designed for nursing and allied health professional career paths. May not adequately support biological research and/or practicing physician career paths; not designed for general biology degree candidates or for non-science majors. Lecture/laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 167 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I


    MTH 111  or higher-level math with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or placement into MTH 118  or higher on math placement exam. (4)

    Study of the structure and function of cells, tissues and four human body systems; emphasis on the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 168 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II


    BIO 167  with a grade of C- or better; or consent of instructor. (4) HW

    Study of the structure and function of the human endocrine, cardiovascular, digestive, excretory, reproductive and respiratory systems. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 301 - Biostatistics


    Strong preparation in high school or college algebra and eight credits of biology. (4)

    Analysis of quantitative data from biological sources, using basic statistical procedures to elucidate biological phenomena. Mathematical derivations and probabilistic theory not stressed; emphasis on the selection and interpretation of statistical tests commonly used by biologists. Prior knowledge of statistics not necessary. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 307 - Topics in Human Anatomy


    Consent of instructor. (1-4)

    In-depth study of one or more areas of regional anatomy. Course content, format and prerequisites vary with the topic presented. Involves hands-on lab activities and/or distance-learning presentations for study of cadaver anatomy. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits when topics vary. Lecture/Lab. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 326 - Cell Biology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113  with grades of C- (1.7) or better; prior or concurrent election of CHM 262 , or grade of C (2.0) or better in CHM 220  or CHM 252 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Biological systems from molecular to gross cell structure: such concepts as energy conversion, organization, growth, homeostasis, and cellular interactions. Examples from both animal and plant kingdoms. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 327 - Ecology


    Grades of C- (1.7) or better in BIO 111 , BIO 113 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the ecological interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms. Includes evolutionary principles, abiotic and biotic limiting factors, population growth and regulation, community structure and change, and energy flow and nutrient cycling. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 328 - Genetics


    BIO 111 , BIO 113  both with grades of C- (1.7) or better,  CHM 140  or higher-numbered chemistry course with a grade of C (2.0) or better or consent of instructor. (Students with two semesters of high school chemistry and grades of B (3.0) or better may request an override of the chemistry prerequisite; students with two semesters of high school biology and grades of B (3.0) or better may request an override of the BIO 111  prerequisite). (4)

    Principles of inheritance from molecular through population levels. Gene action, cytoplasmic inheritance, parthenogenesis, mutation, and homeostasis. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 405 - Microbiology Lecture


    BIO 326  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better. BIO 328  highly recommended. (3)

    Biology of microorganisms with emphasis on prokaryotes and viruses. Includes microbial anatomy, physiology, growth, genetics, control and medical aspects of host-parasite relationships. Not open to students with credit forBIO 435 without instructor consent. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 406 - Microbiology Laboratory


    BIO 405  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better or concurrent election of  BIO 405 . (1)

    Laboratory study of microbial life, building skills in fundamental microbiological laboratory techniques to include microscopy, aseptic and pure culture techniques, and an introduction to the identification, control and characterization of, as well as applied uses for, microbial species. Not open to students with credit forBIO 435 without instructor consent. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 408 - Comparative Anatomy


    Grades of C- (1.7) or better in BIO 111  and one of: BIO 326 BIO 327 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Evolutionary and developmental aspects of the gross structure of representative chordate animals. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 421 - Mammalogy


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the major groups of mammals; natural history, physiology, anatomy, and systematics of all living orders; North American mammals classified to family. Students are responsible for species identification from field and skull characters of most Michigan mammals. Lecture and laboratory. Laboratories in the field encompassing techniques commonly used in mammalogy; required trip to Detroit Zoo. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 423 - Wildlife Ecology and Management


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Application of basic ecological knowledge to populations of animals and their plant and animal associates. Dynamics of animal and plant populations and communities; management of animal populations (including introduced, game, non-game and endangered species) and ecosystems that support these populations; the need to balance the welfare of managed populations with the needs of people. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 425 - Immunology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 BIO 326 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Physiology and chemistry of resistance to infection and responses to foreign biological substances of a potentially harmful nature. Includes natural immunity, antigen-antibody reactions, immunosuppression and tolerance, the complement system, hypersensitivity, immune deficiencies, autoimmunity, and tumor immunology. Applications include serology.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 426 - Wildlife Policy and Law


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Policy sciences approach to fish and wildlife issues, such as ecology, “native” and introduced species, ex situ and in situ conservation, wildlife and ethnoscience, wildlife use and trade. Local policies; roles of parks, zoos, gardens and arboreta; state, federal and international laws and conventions. Offered online only. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 427 - Forest Vegetation Identification


    BIO 327 , consent of instructor. (2)

    Focus on identification of trees, shrubs, and community composition, as well as important ecological components for the major forest types found in Michigan. Students meet for field-based labs at parks and recreation areas throughout Genesee, Lapeer, and Oakland counties. Includes a required weekend (Friday-Sunday) trip to explore forest types throughout Michigan. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 432 - Mammalian Physiology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (4) CAP

    Detailed study of organ and organ-system function in mammals; emphasis on human function. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 433 - Premedical Gross Anatomy


    BIO 167 BIO 168 , with a grades of C (2.0) or better; or BIO 432  with a grade of C (2.0) or better; or consent of instructor. (5)

    Detailed study of the gross structure of the human body. Laboratory involves cadaver dissection. Lecture and laboratory. Not open to students with credit forBIO 434. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 438 - Medical Microbiology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; CHM 261 , CHM 262 . (4)

    Biology of medically significant prokaryotes. Morphology, growth characteristics, virulence factors, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of bacterial diseases of major medical importance, as well as emerging pathogens. Host immune response, treatment, and prevention stressed. Laboratory exercises emphasize diagnostic techniques as well as virulence mechanisms. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 439 - Clinical Mycology


    BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Study of the physiology, growth and classification of fungi, with emphasis on clinical application. Lecture/discussion. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 444 - Neuroscience


    BIO 167 , BIO 168  with grades of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 432  with a grade of C (2.0) or better; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the structure and function of the human nervous system from ion channels to neural pathways. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 445 - Regional Anatomy


    BIO 168 , BIO 167  with grades of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 432 ; with a grade od C (2.0) or better, or consent of instructor. (3)

    Study of regional human anatomy with emphasis on neurovascular relationships of the head, neck, thoracic cavity and limbs. Lecture and laboratory involving cadaver dissection. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 446 - Animal Behavior


    BIO 327  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Animal behavior studied through the use of comparative and ethological methods. Discussion of ontogeny of behavior, perceptual processes, learning, social behavior, communication, evolution, hormone and genetic influences, and species-specific behaviors. Lecture; one Saturday trip to the zoo required. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 447 - Biomechanics of Exercise and Sports


    BIO 167  and PHY 143 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Concepts and theories of biomechanics of exercise science, with emphasis on biomechanical form and techniques used in exercise and sports.  Labs involve physical participation in functionally relevant activities with the goal of enhancing both safety and performance.  Suitable for professionals working in the fitness and certain health careers (e.g., athletic trainers, physical therapists, sports medicine practitioners, physicians). Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 450 - Parasitology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the major groups of parasitic protists and animals, with particular emphasis on those infecting humans and the higher vertebrates. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 453 - Evolution and Adaptation


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (4) CAP

    Fundamentals of plant and animal evolution. Includes genetics of populations, selection models, geographic variation, adaptation, population structure, mating systems, species concepts, and molecular evolution. Emphasis on evolutionary mechanisms in populations. Lecture, laboratory, and some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 455 - Biology, Ecology, and Management of Fishes


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Introduction to ichthyology. Anatomy, behavior, ecology, evolution and physiology of fishes; ecology and management concepts fishery managers use to meet objectives including sustainable management of fisheries. Laboratories on identification of fishes of Michigan and of the world, and basic analytic and modeling techniques for fish population management; field trips to local freshwater habitats for field identification and demonstration of collection techniques. Lecture, laboratory, some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 456 - Herpetology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 BIO 327  with a grades of C- (1.7) or better. (4)

    Aspects of taxonomy, evolution, morphology, anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior and conservation for amphibians and reptiles; identification of families and selected species. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 459 - Plant-Animal Interactions


    BIO 327 . (4) CAP

    Exploration of topics in plant-animal interactions from primary literature; a writing course with field based observations. Lecture, discussion, and some Saturday field trips. Two 100-min meetings per week with three Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 460 - Conservation Biology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Examination of the principles underlying attempts to conserve biodiversity. Conservation values and ethics, global biodiversity, species conservation, community level conservation, and management and design of reserves. Lecture, laboratory, and some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 467 - Molecular Biology of Procaryotes


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 328 , prior or concurrent election of BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; CHM 220  or CHM 330 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Survey of the molecular biology of procaryotic organisms. DNA replication, DNA repair and recombination, and mechanisms regulating gene expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels; the interaction of these processes in complex phenomena such as ribosome biosynthesis, cell division, and sporulation. Lecture and laboratory; laboratory focus on recombinant DNA methodologies. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 468 - Molecular Biology of Eucaryotes


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 ,  , BIO 328 , BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; CHM 220  or CHM 330 ; or consent of instructor.  BIO 467  recommended. (4) CAP

    Survey of the molecular biology of eucaryotic organisms. DNA replication, DNA repair and recombination, DNA rearrangements, and mechanisms regulating gene expression; the interaction of these processes in complex phenomena such as signal transductinn, cell cycle control, cell differentiation, and cancer. Lecture and laboratory; laboratory includes mammalian cell culture and expression of cloned genes in mammalian cells. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 477 - Biology Senior Seminar


    Biology major, senior standing; or consent of instructor. (4) CAP

    Critical analysis of current biological research. Students learn to communicate biological concepts to other scientists and to the public using written (papers and posters) and oral (presentation) formats. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 480 - Field Biology


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 ; consent of instructor. (5)

    Field study of common, indicator and/or unique wildlife species of natural habitats of Michigan. Emphasis on field identification of vascular plants, amphibians, reptiles and birds as well as field techniques for sampling, censusing and/or monitoring wildlife species and abiotic conditions and/or resources of habitats. Classes consist mostly of day-long field trips as well as occasional laboratory time. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 483 - Special Topics


    Consent of instructor. (1-4)

    In-depth examination of selected topics of special interest to biologists. Course content, format and prerequisites vary with the topic presented. Lecture. May be reelected for credit. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 487 - Forest Ecology


    BIO 327 ; BIO 427  recommended. (4)

    Exploration of the role environmental factors (sun, soil, water, etc.) and wildlife and humans have on the establishment, growth and development of forest communities. Forest structure, ecosystem function. Field-based. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 490 - Co-op Experience


    Two 300-level or higher BIO courses; consent of chair and an additional BIO faculty member. (2)

    Biology-oriented workplace experience. Each student works with a faculty advisor who supervises the co-op experience and creates a written report and oral presentation or poster session of research activities. Combined credit for BIO 490 and BIO 491 may not exceed 6 credits. Not open to students in the Honors Program in Biology. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits when experiences vary. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 491 - Independent Study


    Consent of instructor. (1-4)

    Individual work for qualified students involving search of original sources in the literature, preparation of abstracts, and examination of material. Problems may involve special techniques, field problems, and morphological or physiological studies.  Combined credit for BIO 490 and 491 may not exceed 6 credits. May be reelected to a total of 4 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 494 - Honors Independent Research


    Consent of Department Chair.  Open only to Honors Program students in biology. (1)

    Specific research to pilot the experiments to be performed during student’s program of off-campus research. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 495 - Honors Thesis I


    BIO 494 ; consent of Department Chair.  Open only to Honors Program students in biology. (4)

    Credit and grade for BIO 495 are not given until successful completion of BIO 496. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 496 - Honors Thesis II


    Prior or concurrent election of BIO 495 ; consent of Department Chair.  Open only to Honors Program students in biology. (4)

    Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 501 - Advanced Cellular/Molecular Biology


    BIO 505 . (4)

    Survey, review and presentation of recently developed information, concepts, techniques and methods in cellular and molecular biology. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 502 - Current Topics in Organismal Biology


    Admission to the graduate program in biology. (4)

    Survey, review, presentation and discussion of recently developed information, concepts, techniques and methods in the biology of whole organisms. May involve detailed study of a limited taxonomic group of organisms. Lecture and laboratory. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 503 - Advanced Ecology/Evolutionary Biology


    BIO 505 . (4)

    Survey, review and presentation of recently developed information, concepts, techniques and methods in ecology and evolutionary biology. Lecture and laboratory. May require Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 504 - Biostatistics


    Strong preparation in high school or college algebra, eight credits of biology, graduate standing. (4)

    Analysis of quantitative data from biological sources, using basic statistical procedures to elucidate biological phenomena. Mathematical derivations and probabilistic theory not stressed; emphasis on the selection and interpretation of statistical tests commonly used by biologists. Prior knowledge of statistics not necessary.  Lecture and discussion. Not open to students with credit for BIO 301 or its equivalent. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 505 - Scientific Methodology


    Admission to the graduate program in biology. (4)

    Focus on methodology used by research professionals in the biological sciences, including the synthesis of primary literature, hypothesis development, study design, project organization, collaborative work habits, ethics in research, and effective scientific communication. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 508 - Comparative Anatomy


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Evolutionary and developmental aspects of the gross structure of representative chordate animals.  Lecture and laboratory. Not open to students with credit forBIO 408. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 510 - Human Anatomy for PAs


    Admission to the Physician Assistant MS program.  (4)

    Detailed study of the gross structure of the human body through regional cadaver dissection.  Emphasis on application of anatomical knowledge to clinical practice. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 511 - Regional Human Anatomy


    (Formerly ANE 533). Admission to the DNAP program or consent of instructor. (3)

    Regional human anatomy as a foundation for nurse anesthesia students. Emphasis on head, neck, upper extremity and spinal column anatomy. Lecture and laboratory; laboratory includes cadaver dissection. Also suitable for graduate students with an interest in human anatomy. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 518 - Lectures in Histology and Organology


    Graduate standing, BIO 326  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better, concurrent enrollment in BIO 519 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Microscopic structure and function of mammalian cells, tissues, and organs.  Lecture.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 519 - Histology and Organology Laboratory


    Graduate standing, concurrent election of BIO 518 ; or consent of instructor. (2)

    Identification of mammalian cells, tissues, and organs.  Laboratory.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 521 - Mammalogy


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the major groups of mammals; natural history, physiology, anatomy, and systematics of all living orders; North American mammals classified to family. Students are responsible for species identification from field and skull characters of most Michigan mammals. Labs in the field encompassing techniques commonly used in mammalogy; required trip to Detroit Zoo.  Not open to students with credit forBIO 421. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 523 - Wildlife Ecology and Management


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Application of basic ecological knowledge to populations of animals and their plant and animal associates. Topics include dynamics of animal and plant populations and communities; management of animal populations (including introduced, game, non-game and endangered species) and ecosystems that support these populations; the need to balance the welfare of the managed populations with the needs of people.  Lecture and discussion. Not open to students with credit forBIO 423. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 525 - Immunology


    Admission to the Biology Graduate Program. (4)

    Physiology and chemistry of resistance to infection and responses to foreign biological substances of a potentially harmful nature. Includes natural immunity, antigen-antibody reactions, immunosuppression and tolerance, the complement system, hypersensitivity, immune deficiencies, autoimmunity, and tumor immunology. Applications include serology.  Not open to students with credit forBIO 425. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 526 - Wildlife Policy and Law


    Graduate standing. (4)

    Policy sciences approach to wildlife issues, such as ecology, “native” and introduced species, ex situ and in situ conservation, wildlife and ethnoscience, wildlife use and trade. Local policies; roles of parks, zoos, gardens and arboreta; state, federal and international laws and conventions. Lecture. Not open to students with credit for BIO 426. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 527 - Forest Vegetation Identification


    Graduate standing, BIO 327 , consent of instructor. (2)

    Focus on identification of trees, shrubs, and community composition, as well as important ecological components for the major forest types found in Michigan. Students meet for field-based labs at parks and recreation areas throughout Genesee, Lapeer, and Oakland counties.  Not open to students with credit forBIO 427. Includes a required weekend (Friday-Sunday) trip to explore forest types throughout Michigan. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 528 - Basic Pharmacology


    Graduate standing; BIO 326  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better; one of BIO 168 , BIO 432 , BIO 532  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Basic principles of pharmacology and concepts of cell biology and physiology useful to the field. Molecular pharmacology (receptor structure and activation, and signal transduction), autonomic pharmacology (how drugs act through the autonomic nervous system), and neuropharmacology (neurotransmitter networks and brain pathways, and the drugs that act specifically on synapses that control these pathways). Multiple-choice exams, writing assignments designed to improve critical writing skills.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 531 - Comparative Animal Physiology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Detailed comparative study of invertebrate and vertebrate physiology with special emphasis on environmental and energy interrelationships.  Lecture.  Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 532 - Mammalian Physiology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Detailed study of organ and organ-system function in mammals; emphasis on human function.  Lecture and laboratory.  Not open to students with credit forBIO 432. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 533 - Premedical Gross Anatomy


    Graduate standing; BIO 167  , BIO 168  with grades of C (2.0) or better; or BIO 432  with a grade of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 532  with a grade of C (2.0) or better; or consent of instructor. (5)

    Detailed study of the gross structure of the human body.  Lecture and laboratory involving cadaver dissection.  Not open to students with credit for BIO 433 or BIO 434 or BIO 634. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 538 - Medical Microbiology


    Graduate standing. (4)

    Biology of medically significant prokaryotes.  Morphology, growth characteristics, virulence factors, pathogenesis, and clinical presentation of bacterial diseases of major medical importance, as well as emerging pathogens are discussed.  Host immune response, treatment, and prevention is stressed.  Laboratory exercises emphasize diagnostic techniques as well as virulence mechanisms. Not open to students with credit forBIO 438. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 539 - Clinical Mycology


    Graduate standing, BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Study of the physiology, growth and classification of fungi, with emphasis on clinical application. Lecture/discussion. Not open to students with credit for BIO 439. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 544 - Neuroscience


    Graduate standing; BIO BIO 167  & BIO 168  with grades of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 432  with a grade of C (2.0) or better; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the structure and function of the human nervous system from ion channels to neural pathways.  Lecture and laboratory. Not open to students with credit forBIO 444. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 545 - Regional Anatomy


    Graduate standing; BIO 167 , BIO 168  with grades of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 432  with grade of C (2.0) or better, or BIO 532  with grade of C (2.0) or better, or consent of instructor. (3)

    Study of regional human anatomy with emphasis on neurovascular relationships of the head, neck, thoracic cavity and limbs. Lecture and laboratory involving cadaver dissection. Not open to student with credit for BIO 445. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 546 - Animal Behavior


    Graduate standing; BIO 327  with a grade of C- (1.7) or better, or consent of instructor. (4)

    Animal behavior studied through the use of comparative and ethological methods. Discussion of ontogeny of behavior, perceptual processes, learning, social behavior, communication, evolution, hormone and genetic influences, and species-specific behaviors. Lecture; one Saturday trip to the zoo required. Not open to students with credit forBIO 446. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 547 - Biomechanics of Exercise and Sports


    Graduate standing, BIO 167  or BIO 634 , and PHY 143 ; or consent of instructor. (3)

    Concepts and theories of biomechanics of exercise science, with emphasis on biomechanical form and techniques used in exercise and sports.  Labs involve physical participation in functionally relevant activities with the goal of enhancing both safety and performance.  Suitable for professionals working in the fitness and certain health careers (e.g., athletic trainers, physical therapists, sports medicine practitioners, physicians).  Not open to students with credit forBIO 447. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 550 - Parasitology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Study of the major groups of parasitic protists and animals, with particular emphasis on those infecting man and the higher vertebrates.  Lecture and laboratory. Not open to students with credit for BIO 450. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 553 - Evolution and Adaptation


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 327 , BIO 328 . (4)

    Fundamentals of plan and animal evolution. Genetics of populations, selection models, geographic variation, adaptation, population structure, mating systems, species concepts, and molecular evolution. Emphasis on evolutionary mechanisms in populations.  Lecture, laboratory, and some Saturday field trips. Not open to students with credit for BIO 453. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 555 - Biology, Ecology, and Management of Fishes


    BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Introduction to ichthyology. Anatomy, behavior, ecology, evolution and physiology of fishes; ecology and management concepts fishery managers use to meet objectives including sustainable management of fisheries. Laboratories on identification of fishes of Michigan and of the world, and basic analytic and modeling techniques for fish population management; field trips to local freshwater habitats for field identification and demonstration of collection techniques.  Not open to students with credit for BIO 455.  Lecture, laboratory, some Saturday field trips. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 556 - Herpetology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , and BIO 327  with a grade of C- or better, or consent of instructor. (4)

    Aspects of taxonomy, evolution, morphology, anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior and conservation for amphibians and reptiles; identification of families and selected species.Not open to students with credit forBIO 456. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 559 - Plant-Animal Interactions


     Graduate standing;  BIO 327  or an equivalent course in ecology.  (4)

    Exploration of topics in plant-animal interactions from primary literature; a writing course with field based observations. Lecture, discussion, and some Saturday field trips.  Not open to students with credit forBIO 459. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 560 - Conservation Biology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 . (4)

    Examination of the principles underlying attempts to conserve biodiversity. Conservation values and ethics, global biodiversity, species conservation, community level conservation, and management and design of reserves.  Lecture, laboratory and some Saturday field trips.  Not open to students with credit for BIO 460. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 567 - Molecular Biology of Procaryotes


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 328 ; prior or concurrent enrollment in BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; CHM 220  or CHM 330 ; consent of instructor. (4)

    Survey of the molecular biology of procaryotic organisms. DNA replication, DNA repair and recombination, and mechanisms regulating gene expression at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels; the interaction of these processes in complex phenomena such as ribosome biosynthesis, cell division, and sporulation. Lecture and laboratory; laboratory focus on recombinant DNA methodologies.  Not open to students with credit forBIO 467. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 568 - Molecular Biology of Eucaryotes


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 328 , BIO 405 , BIO 406 ; CHM 220  or CHM 330 ; consent of instructor. (4)

    Survey of the molecular biology of eucaryotic organisms. DNA replication, DNA repair and recombination, DNA rearrangements, and mechanisms regulating gene expression; the interaction of these processes in complex phenomena such as single transduction, cell cycle control, cell differentiation, and cancer. Laboratory includes mammalian cell culture and expression of cloned genes in mammalian cells.  Lecture and laboratory. Not open to students with credit forBIO 468. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 572 - Topics in Medical Genetics


    Graduate standing, BIO 326 , BIO 328 ; or consent of instructor. (4)

    Basic medical genetic concepts and the role of genes in human disease processes and susceptibilities. Students learn to appreciate the high incidence and broad spectrum of human genetic diseases, learn the technique and grasp the importance of taking a family history, and understand procedures and tools used for diagnosing genetic diseases. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 580 - Field Biology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 327 ; consent of instructor. (5)

    Field study of common, indicator and/or unique wildlife species of natural habitats of Michigan. Emphasis on field identification of vascular plants, amphibians, reptiles and birds as well as field techniques for sampling, censusing and/or monitoring wildlife species and abiotic conditions and/or resources of habitats. Classes consist mostly of day-long field trips as well as occasional laboratory time. Not open to students with credit for BIO 480. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 583 - Special Topics


    Graduate standing; consent of instructor. (1-4)

    In-depth examination of selected topics of special interest to biologists. Course content, format and prerequisites vary with the topic presented. Additional work required. May be reelected to a total of 4 credits. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 584 - Biology of Birds


    Graduate standing; consent of instructor. (5)

    Introduction to ornithology with emphasis on field identification of the birds of southern Michigan. Field trips to a variety of habitats in the region. Laboratory study of morphology; additional identification using 35 mm slides and recorded bird songs. Lectures and readings on aspects of the anatomy, physiology, evolution, ecology and behavior of birds.   Graded ABCDE Offered infrequently.
  
  • BIO 585 - Pathology


    Graduate standing; BIO 111 , BIO 113 , BIO 326 , BIO 432 . (3)

    Human structural and functional disorders, mechanisms by which they arise, and systemic effects.  Graded ABCDE Offered Infrequently.
  
  • BIO 587 - Forest Ecology


    Graduate standing; BIO 327 ; BIO 427  recommended. (4)

    Exploration of the role environmental factors (sun, soil, water, etc.) and wildlife and humans have on the establishment, growth and development of forest communities. Forest structure, ecosystem function. Not open to students with credit forBIO 487. Field-based. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 596 - Seminar


    Admission to the graduate program in biology. (1)

    Presentations by UM-Flint or visiting faculty and by graduate students on proposed, ongoing, or completed research. Presentations may be focused on a limited area of biological science. Lecture and discussion. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BIO 597 - Non-Thesis Research


    Admission to the graduate program in biology; consent of instructor. (1-2)

    Independent study for graduate students. May be reelected for credit. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 598 - Graduate Thesis


    Admission to the graduate program in biology; consent of instructor. (1)

    Independent study for graduate students. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 599 - Thesis Research


    Admission to the graduate program in biology, consent of instructor. (1-5)

    Independent study for graduate students in Plan A option (5 credits required). May be reelected to a total of 5 credits. Graded ABCDE/Y
  
  • BIO 634 - Human Anatomy


    Admission to the doctoral program in occupational therapy or the doctoral program in physical therapy. (6)

    Detailed study of the gross structure of the human body. Also includes basic neuroscience topics ranging from ion channels and synaptic transmission to major neurological pathways and clinical correlations. Lecture and laboratory involving cadaver dissection. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BUS 110 - Business Concepts and Careers


    (3) S

    Comprehensive overview of basic business concepts and business protocol. Foundations of general business managements, human resources management, operations management, marketing, accounting, finance and their interdependent nature. Job search techniques, writing resumes, job interviewing, establishing interpersonal relationships. Introduction to UM-F services including the library, Academic Advising and Career Center, computer labs and services, Recreation Center and Student Services. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BUS 115 - Introduction to Business Applications


    (3) T

    Focus on development of skills in the use of business technology, including spreadsheets, database management and presentation software; financial computing; web-based business data sources and their ethical use. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BUS 250 - Contemporary Legal Issues for Business


    (3) S

    Legal environment of business and principles of law involved in contracts and agency. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BUS 294 - Academic Service Learning in Business


    At least sophomore standing. (1)

    Hands-on real-world problem solving by students as active community members and citizens. Supervised by faculty and coordinated by SOM Students Services Coordinator, students apply learned skills such as creativity and innovation, team-working, communication, business etiquette and consulting in work for area not-for-profit organizations on a variety of community issues. At least 40 hours of work required. Graded Pass/Fail
  
  • BUS 381 - Management Information Systems


    BBA admission or Health Care Administration major or Computer Information Systems minor; BUS 115  or CIS 151  and CIS 152 , SCM 313 ; at least junior standing. (3)

    Introduction to use of computers and computer-based information systems in operation, management, and decision making functions. Management information systems, model-based decision support systems, fundamentals of computer equipment and software, data structure and data bases, systems analysis and design, data communication systems. Extensive use of cases. Graded ABCDE
  
  • BUS 394 - Business Internship Experience


    BBA admission, at least junior standing, and consent of instructor. (1 or 3)

    Business Internship Program job assignment, planned by student, supervisor, and Coordinator, Business Internship Program. Duties will relate to student’s academic program. May be reelected to a total of 6 credits. Graded Pass/Fail
 

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